Xiangshan temple in Longmen Grottoes was the former residence of Chiang Kai Shek and Song Meiling

Xiangshan temple is located in Xiangshan west’ao, 13km south of Luoyang, the ancient capital of the thirteen dynasties. It is adjacent to the world cultural heritage, Longmen Grottoes, Xishan grottoes, across the river, Dongshan grottoes and Baiyuan.

Xiangshan is famous for its fragrant Pueraria. Xiangshan temple was built in the first year of Xiping in the Northern Wei Dynasty (516 A.D.), and in the third year of Dangong in the Tang Dynasty (687 A.D.), where the Maharaja of India (Rizhao) was buried, so as to rebuild the Buddhist temple. In the first year of Tianshi (690 A.D.), Empress Wu became the emperor of Luoyang and established the Wu Zhou Dynasty. Wu Sansi, the king of Liang, asked for the name of “Xiangshan Temple” and rebuilt the temple. At that time, Xiangshan temple was a dangerous building for the Han Dynasty, with flying pavilions and flying clouds. It was magnificent. Empress Wu often traveled with his relatives and rode the stone tower in Xiangshan temple. Left the story of “Xiangshan poetry seizing the Royal Robe”. In the sixth year of Dahe of Tang Dynasty (832 A.D.), Yin Bai Juyi of Henan Province donated 60.7 million yuan to rebuild Xiangshan temple, and wrote the book of building Xiangshan temple, which is famous for its great reputation. The first sentence of this article is the praise of Xiangshan Temple: “the victory of mountains and rivers in the four suburbs of Luodu, the first Yan of Longmen, the tenth Temple of Longmen, the victory of sightseeing and the first Yan of Xiangshan”. Bai Juyi, as the name of Xiangshan Jushi, was formed with monk Ruman and others “Xiangshan nine old people’s Association” was chanted in the upper and lower part of the temple. Bai Juyi died in the sixth year of Huichang (846 A.D.), and his life was buried at the side of Ruman master tower in Xiangshan temple. Xiangshan Temple remained in the song and Jin Dynasties, and was abandoned in the late Yuan Dynasty. It was rebuilt in the Kangxi period of the Qing Dynasty. Emperor Qianlong visited Xiangshan temple and praised “ten temples in Longmen, the first number of Xiangshan”. This poem is excerpted from his poem “two Xiangshan temples” at that time, which was engraved on the stone tablet. The Qianlong Royal stele Pavilion in Xiangshan temple stands on the stone tablet for more than 200 years. In the late Qing Dynasty and the early Republic of China, Xiangshan Temple After the temple was rebuilt in 1936, a two-story building was built to celebrate Chiang Kai Shek’s fiftieth birthday. Jiang Jieshi and Song Meiling spent many summers here.

This small building is located in the southeast side of Xiangshan temple, which is called “villa of Jiang song”. After liberation, Xiangshan temple has been repaired many times. Now, in order to implement the strategy of “strengthening the city through tourism”, expand the tourism projects of Longmen Grottoes, enrich the cultural connotation of Xiangshan temple, improve the tourism quality of Xiangshan temple, and promote the traditional culture of the Chinese nation, Luoyang Municipal Party committee, municipal government and Longmen Grottoes Administration Bureau, according to Longmen Grottoes district planning and Longmen Grottoes of Luoyang City Regulations on the protection and management of Xiangshan temple, with an investment of 6 million yuan, completed the transformation of Xiangshan temple in the first half of 2003. From the end of 2002 to the early April of 2003, the reconstruction project lasted 100 days, creating the fastest temple in China. This is also the fifth restoration in the history of Xiangshan temple. The new Xiangshan temple, based on the style of Tang Dynasty, has renovated, preserved and protected the Jiangsong tower, Qianlong imperial stele Pavilion, and cloister tower as historical relics. On the original site, the bell tower, Drum Tower and Mahavira hall were newly built, and the heavenly king hall, arhat hall and walking path were renovated.

Xiangshan temple has been established for more than 1400 years and has a profound cultural connotation.

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