Luoyang has never changed its name. It was called the God capital in the Tang Dynasty. Her splendid history has brought her countless honors. Luoyang is the birthplace of Chinese civilization, one of the birthplaces of the Chinese nation, and one of the four ancient capitals of China’s famous historical and cultural cities. It is a world famous cultural city named by the United Nations and one of the “four holy cities” (Jerusalem, Mecca, Luoyang, Athens) in the world. She is located in the hilly area of Western Henan Province, belonging to Yellow River basin, and has been known as “the center of the world” and “the hinterland of Jiuzhou” since ancient times. Here, the climate is suitable, rivers are densely distributed, mountains and rivers are crisscross, and there is a good reputation of “rivers, mountains and arches are better than armour in the world”. In ancient times, people called the area south of the mountain and north of the river “Yang”. Luoyang was just located in the north of Luoshui and south of Mangshan Mountain.
Every April, I go to Luoyang. It’s the season when the peonies bloom in Luoyang. The flowers accompany me and March in the ancient city. There’s a different scene.
A bird’s-eye view of the Museum
Luoyang Museum is located in the north side of the Sui and Tang site botanical garden in Luonan new area. The surrounding area of the museum is the site of the ancient Lifang District in Luoyang, “the river maps, the Luo books, and the sage chooses it”, which is the capital of Luoyang City in the successive dynasties of China. The design idea of the museum is to express Luoyang’s long history and culture from the starting point of “Hetu Luoshu”. In front of the museum is a vast public activity square. Looking from afar, the museum’s simple geometric consideration for the solemn atmosphere and momentum seems to tell about the world’s prosperity and waste of Luoyang. Next to the gate of the museum is a nine dragon giant tripod, pointing directly to the sky, which means “Dingding Central Plains”. Through the gate, we enter the hall of the museum.
The visiting streamline of Luoyang Museum is centered on the central hall, and each exhibition hall is arranged around the hall. Entering the hall, we seem to walk into a palace. Soft light falls from the skylight and shines on the clear walls and floors. The simple beauty instantly purifies our mind.
Turning into the exhibition room, we will first see that there is an axis coordinate extending to the screen wall at the entrance of the exhibition room, which shows the 13 dynasties that established the capital of Luoyang, namely Xia, Shang, Western Zhou, Eastern Zhou, Eastern Han, Cao Wei, Western Jin, Northern Wei, Sui, Tang, Houliang, later Tang, and later Jin. Luoyang has been established as the capital of Luoyang for more than 1500 years In Chinese history, it is one of the ancient capitals with the largest number of dynasties and the longest time of capital establishment, which is known as the “ancient capital of the thirteen Dynasties”.
The theme of the museum exhibition is Heluo Civilization Exhibition. Heluo refers to the area where the Yellow River and Luohe River meet. As one of the birthplaces of Chinese civilization, Heluo civilization was officially born here. Taoism originated here, Buddhism first spread here, Confucianism was founded here, Neo Confucianism was founded here, metaphysics flourished here, and the profound history gave Luoyang countless historical and cultural heritage. On the screen wall at the end of the axis coordinate, the ruins of Luoyang, the capital of 13 dynasties, are displayed. Along the Luohe River, there are Erlitou site of Xiadu, Yanshi shopping mall site, Luoyang City site of Han and Wei dynasties, Luoyang City site of Sui and Tang Dynasties, which are distributed so intensively that they are very rare in the world, and they are known as “five capitals gather in Luoyang” in the history circle. Luoyang, the ancient capital, shows us the Chinese history from the 21st century B.C. to the 10th century B.C. in an uninterrupted way. It’s no wonder that Sima Guang, a historian of the Northern Song Dynasty, once praised Luoyang as “if you hear about the rise and fall of the world, please only look at Luoyang City”.