Hongshixia is famous for its Danxia landform. Hongshixia, also known as “wenpanyu”, is known as “the first scene in the Central Plains”. This scenic spot is beautiful, quiet, magnificent and dangerous. It is full of waterfalls, streams and pools. It has the reputation of “bonsai Canyon”. Wenpanyu Canyon is cool and pleasant in summer, warm as spring in winter, with no four seasons in a year, and the temperature is kept at about 25 ℃. Follow the plank road into the red rock steep canyon, and find that the rocks on both sides seem to be within reach. The narrowest part of wenpanyu Canyon is less than 5 meters, and the widest part is more than 20 meters. Zigzag forward, looking up, you can only see a line of sky.
Spring Waterfall Gorge
Quanpu gorge, also known as laotangou, has beautiful mountains and waters, high peaks and steep waterfalls. The highest waterfall in China, Yuntai Tianpu, is located at the end of quanpu gorge, with a drop of 314m. It kisses the blue sky on the top and steps down the Shiping, just like the Milky way flying down, just like a giant jade pillar, which is spectacular. Quanpu gorge is high and straight, and the current is fast and deep. Upstream along the canyon, the scenic spots such as multi hole spring, whispering spring, secluded pool and Yinlong waterfall bring tourists into a dreamlike fairyland.
Zhuyu peak is a holy land for generations of literati and monks. It has dense vegetation and towering ancient trees. There are thousands of famous trees, such as Taxus, maple, Taihang flower, with a forest coverage rate of 93%. It has a good reputation as a natural oxygen bar. Stepping on a thousand steps of the ladder and plank road to the top of Zhuyu peak, 1308 meters away from Shanghai, you can see the continuous mountains and the surging clouds, which makes you feel proud to “be the top of the mountain, and see the small mountains at a glance”. Wang Wei, a great poet of Tang Dynasty, once came to this peak and wrote, “I’m a stranger in a foreign land, and I think twice about my family during the festival. I know from afar that when my brother ascends the heights, there is only one person missing in dogwood.
Tan Pu Gorge
Tanpu Gorge (also known as xiaozhaigou) is the main representative of Yuntai mountain canyon. The scenery in the valley is pleasant, just like Jiangnan. “Three steps and one spring, five steps and one waterfall, and ten steps and one pond” are the true portraits of the beautiful scenery of tanpu gorge. Here, you can enjoy the lovers’ waterfall, the water curtain hole with long flowing seasons and high pearl curtain, the harvest picture with abundant grain and flourishing six animals, the Dragon Phoenix wall with auspicious dragon and Phoenix, the butterfly stone like a fairy, and the inkstone washing pool worn by stone inkstone. According to the research of experts, the old spring in tanpu gorge is a rare high-quality mineral water, which gathers the summer rain and winter snow of Taihang Mountain and flows for more than 50 kilometers. In Xiuwu County annals, Wang lie, a man who lived in the Wei and Jin Dynasties, was thirsty for this spring and hungry for Huangjing. He lived to 338 years old and was still walking fast.
Diecai tunnel is a highway tunnel connecting Henan and Shanxi provinces. It’s a masterpiece of the people’s war. It took eight years to build. Twenty three in size, connected end to end, with a total length of more than 4800 meters, overlapping straight between the cliffs. Between the holes, you can see Pingchuan from a distance, cliffs from a distance, strange rocks from a distance, valleys from a distance, listen to the sound of birds and springs, like the sound of Qin, smell the fragrance of flowers and haze, and feel the air in your heart. There are many strange stones in the area, such as “snail climbing”, “warship patrolling”, “bamboo shoots entering the cloud”, “unable to get down”, “Red Rabbit frightened”, “double quail fighting”, “a line of sky” and the rare perennial rose herb “Taihang flower” named by the Chinese Academy of Sciences. Out of the “Diecai cave” you can go to the “sanxiu peak”. There is a strange stone on the peak, about 40 meters high. Ting0 stands in a hundred flowers and green forest. When viewed from different angles, it changes into a big Lingzhi, a beautiful village girl and a modern girl climbing the mountain in a long skirt. Its peak contains the meaning of mountain show, stone show, flowers and trees show. After “three beautiful peaks”, you can go to “Xiying Temple”. Looking down to the west, you can have a panoramic view of Gaoxia Pinghu Lake. There is a poetic meaning of “who says the immortal road is long after entering Yingzhou”. In the south, there is a “niche peak” facing the south, and there is an artistic conception of “Buddha goes to the niche and stays empty”.
Wan Shan Temple
Wanshan temple is located in the shape of a nipple under the nose peak of Yan king, surrounded by green mountains, beautiful scenery. It was built in the Wanli period of the Ming Dynasty. It is said that the imperial court built it in order to control the imperial wind and the temple name is also a royal gift. The present temple was rebuilt in 1992. The abbot in charge is the master of Vajra law in China — Shi Haikong. The 2-meter-high bronze Buddha placed in the temple, worth 600000 yuan, was donated by the overseas Chinese in Thailand. In addition, there are a lot of landscapes such as spring, cornucopia, dry well, xianjiadong, Jingde whip stone, wangqintai and so on.
Bai Jia Yan
Baijiayan is the birthplace of Chinese landscape architecture culture from the palace to the folk. Since ancient times, the landscape is beautiful. Liu Xie, the emperor of Han Dynasty, once spent his summer in this place. During the Wei Dynasty, Ji Kang, Liu Ling, Xiang Xiu and Shan Tao, who were known as the Seven Sages of bamboo forest, once lived in seclusion in Baijiayan bamboo forest for more than 20 years, and met sundeng, Wang lie and other hermits successively, leaving “sundeng xiaotai”, “wangliequan” “Liuling Xingjiu platform”, “Ji kangcui sword pool” and other relics. Qian Qi, one of the ten talented poets of the Tang Dynasty, wrote in his poem in memory of sun Deng: “where there is a turbulent flow of cliff and stone, the bamboo shines in a deep oblique direction. The master lies on the boulder, and his heart cleanses itself. Chunlei’s latest work is an empty valley.
Zi Fang Hu
Zifang lake is also called Pinghu. Zhang Liang (Zifang) in the Han Dynasty once trained his soldiers and horses day and night on the mountain on the west side of the valley, helped Liu Bang achieve great achievements and then retired here. He got his name because of Zhang Liang’s Zifang. The lake covers an area of 800 Mu and is about 4 kilometers long. The green mountains on both sides of the Strait stand against each other, with green water in the area. Like poetry, like painting, drunk through the hearts of tourists. Green mountains, dark green water, nestled together, show a magnificent scene of waves. In the morning and afternoon, the lake is half overcast and half clear, while the golden light is shining, while the green is transparent. At noon, it is like a huge mirror, reflecting the direct sunlight, dazzling people. At the north end of the lake, there is a mountain which looks like a Buddha. The whole Buddha not only has a vivid face, ears with drooping shoulders, crossed hands and legs, but also has lotus shaped hills under his seat. On a sunny day, there are many white clouds in the sky, and the mountains and rivers are misty with smoke. The Buddha is looming and miraculous. Every morning and evening, when the sun shines, the whole body of the Buddha is bright, with clear outline and vivid image, which can be called a wonder of Yuntai mountain.
Yuntai Mountain was approved as a national Macaque Nature Reserve by the State Council in August 1998. There are a large number of wild macaque communities in the scenic area. Taihang macaque, which belongs to primate monkey family in evolutionary system, is a national second-class protected animal. Because Taihang macaque is a group of macaques living in the coldest climate and the northernmost latitude, the surrounding environment is steep, so the macaque group is large, strong, long hair and short tail, good at climbing, like jumping, quick action, handsome body, strong imitation, which is the most evolved one among macaques, with high scientific research value, economic value and ornamental value. Taihang macaques live between coniferous and broad-leaved mixed forests, shrubbery and cliffs all the year round. They like to live in groups. They are led by the monkey king and equipped with guard monkeys and sentinel monkeys. Usually, there are about 100 Monkeys in each group. They forage during the day and stay on the cliffs at night. They are omnivorous animals with plant-based food as the main food. In order to enrich your sightseeing activities, there are free macaque performances in the scenic spot, 6 times a day.