Luoyang Ancient Art Museum (now renamed “Luoyang Ancient Art Museum”) is a special Museum of ancient tombs and the first Luoyang Ancient Art Museum in the world. The museum is divided into three exhibition areas: the tombs of the emperors of the Northern Wei Dynasty, the tombs of the emperors of the Northern Wei Dynasty, and the mural Museum. There are dozens of tombs in various periods of ancient China, all of which are moved from the original site, and displayed in the underground exhibition area according to the shape of the tombs. Visitors can get close contact with the interior environment of ancient tombs from multiple perspectives, including tomb architecture, unearthed cultural relics, tomb murals, brick carving art and cultural relics.
The burial area of the past dynasties is located in the east of the museum, which is divided into two parts: the ground and the underground. It is a very distinctive and attractive part of Luoyang Ancient Art Museum.
The above ground building is a group of buildings imitating Han Dynasty. There are exhibition rooms such as “typical tomb model of Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties” and “group sculpture of funeral ceremony of Han Dynasty emperors”. In the underground part, 25 representative tombs in Luoyang area from the Western Han Dynasty to the song and Jin Dynasties were relocated and restored, with a total of hundreds of cultural relics on display and a large number of murals.
All the recovered tombs (chambers) in the underground part are moved over as a whole. The bricks and stones in the tombs are removed after the archaeologists have numbered them in place, and then recovered one by one according to the original. Each tomb is not far away from each other and connected by a passage. You can walk in the passageway and walk in front of the tombs of various times. These tombs have various shapes and architectural styles, reflecting one side of ancient architectural art in China.
There are also many copies of unearthed cultural relics in the tomb, such as pottery figurines and living utensils of the Northern Wei Dynasty, three colors of the Tang Dynasty, etc. There are also epitaphs of Western Jin, Northern Wei and Tang and Song dynasties in the tomb, as well as colorful murals, such as the picture of beating ghosts, the picture of women opening their doors, the picture of ascending immortals, etc., which can be regarded as treasures of ancient painting art.
Mausoleum of emperors of Northern Wei Dynasty
Located in the west of the museum. The exhibition area is mainly composed of the “jingling” of Xuanwu emperor, the emperor of the Northern Wei Dynasty, and the tombs of wangyuanqi and Jiangyang wangyuancha. The seal earth of Jingling is round, and the rammed earth pile is more than 20 meters high. Visitors can walk down the corridor to the center of the tomb, where there is a coffin without anything in it. There is a picture of celestial phenomena painted on the top of the tomb of Yuan Dynasty. There are more than 300 stars in the picture. This picture is about 400 years earlier than the Dunhuang star map. It is a valuable material for studying ancient astronomy in China.
The mural museum displays the authentic murals of tombs of the Western Han, Eastern Han, Wei and Jin Dynasties, Tang and Song Dynasties and Jin and Yuan Dynasties. These murals have clear images and broad themes, covering astronomy, geography, personnel and gods. The owner of the mural tomb ranges from the emperor, concubines, dignitaries, to local petty officials and ordinary people.
The museum is not large in area, so it is very convenient to walk to each area. However, it should be noted that this place belongs to the place where the ancients rest, so don’t make a loud noise when visiting.