Thirteen ancient temples in the capital of thirteen Dynasties Luoyang

1.White Horse Temple

Baima temple is located 12 kilometers east of the old city of Luoyang, Henan Province. It is the first ancient temple in China and the world-famous Kalan temple. It is the first temple built after Buddhism was introduced into China. It is known as the “ancestral hall” and “source of interpretation” of Chinese Buddhism. It has a history of more than 1900 years. The existing sites and historic sites were left in yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. A large number of Jiakan lacquer statues of the Yuan Dynasty, such as the third Buddha, the second generals and the eighteen Arhats, have been preserved in the temple, which are precious.

The layout of the temple is regular and the style is simple. In the first two hundred years when Buddhism took root and spread in China, the whole process was closely related to Baima temple. Outside the gate of the temple, in the south of the square, there are stone archways, release pools and stone arch bridges newly built in recent years, with green space on the left and right sides. There are two stone horses on the left and right, the size of which is the same as that of the real horse, and the image is gentle and gentle. These are two stone horses of Song Dynasty, 1.75 meters tall and 2.20 meters long, in the shape of bow and weight-bearing. This is the product of China’s first quest for Dharma in the West and the residence of the first monks who came to China to preach and propagate Dharma. The first Chinese Buddhist Scripture and Chinese Commandments were born here, and the first Chinese monks in the Han area were born In a word, Baima temple is closely connected with many “firsts” of Chinese Buddhism, which makes it a veritable ancestor and source of interpretation of Chinese Buddhism.

2.Lingshan Temple

Lingshan temple, formerly known as Baozhong temple, Baoen temple, also known as Phoenix Temple. It is 40 kilometers southwest of Luoyang City, at the north foot of Lingshan mountain in the west of today’s Yiyang County, facing Luohe River, facing north and south, which is quite different from most Chinese Buddhist temples. It’s said that King Ling’s bed was buried here, so it’s called Lingshan mountain, and Lingshan temple is also named for it. In the temple, the original gate, front hall, Pilu hall, Daxiong hall, the back floor of Sutra collection and the left and right supporting halls are built. At present, there are only Mountain Gate, middle Buddha Hall (also known as Dabei Hall) and Daxiong hall.

Lingshan temple is built according to the trend of the mountain. It is located in the South and North. The temple covers an area of 18667.6 square meters. There are nearly 100 halls, pavilions and pavilions in the temple. There are five buildings along the central axis from north to south. It is a provincial cultural relics protection unit.

There are four wonders in Lingshan temple which are always praised by people.

1.The gate of the temple opens to the north. Most of the temples in the country are located in the north to the south, while Lingshan temple is located in the south to the north;

2.There is a gate in the temple. Unlike other temples, Lingshan temple has a unique tower type gate;

3.The Buddha has a beard, which is unique in the whole country;

4.It is closely connected with nunnery, which is also rare in other places. There are eight famous scenic spots praised by tourists in Lingshan mountain, namely: cliff hanging embroidery, celestial palm and stone habitat, qingqudongbu, cuidianji, Gufeng overlooking, mountain imitating Jiuling, Luoxi Zhonghuan and Jianhao Quanming.

Lingshan temple fair, which is famous in several provinces, starts from the end of the first month of the lunar calendar. It lasts for about 10 days and is the oldest temple fair in the county. Lingshan temple is a place for Buddhist activities, where Guanyin Bodhisattva is respected. It is said that Guanyin, the son of Lingshan, is very effective. Most of the people who meet are women. After burning incense and making a vow, they should buy more tickets when they go home, which means taking their children home.

3.Xiangshan Temple

Longmen Xiangshan temple is located in Xiao, Xiangshan, 13km south of Luoyang City, close to Longmen Grottoes. Wu Zetian rebuilt the temple when she became emperor, and often traveled with her relatives. She sat in the stone tower of the temple and left a good story of “poems from Xiangshan and robes from it”. Bai Juyi donated 60.7 million yuan to rebuild Xiangshan temple, and wrote the book of building Xiangshan temple, which is famous for its great reputation. Xiangshan temple has experienced more than 1400 years of vicissitudes, and has always been the voice of the law, the incense is blazing. Now, after the fifth restoration, the whole building of Xiangshan temple is old and new. It is majestic, facing the West Mountain Grottoes of Longmen across the river, standing side by side with the East Mountain Grottoes of Longmen and the white garden. Xiangshan Temple receives more than 50000 Chinese and foreign tourists. Xiangshan temple has become another magnificent and dazzling landscape of Longmen Grottoes scenic area!

4.Xuanzang Temple

Xuanzang temple, also known as tangsensi temple, is located in the north of tangsensi village, Goushi Town, Yanshi, close to the national highway 207. Xuanzang temple was built in the Northern Wei Dynasty, formerly Lingyan temple. In the Sui Daye period (AD 605-618), when he was a child, Xuanzang went to the Temple many times to listen to Buddhism. After returning from scriptures, Xuanzang went back to the temple to visit the monks, and was praised as a man of great virtue and goodness. In order to promote his perseverance and outstanding spirit, it was renamed “Xingshan” “Temple”, Emperor Taizong of Tang Dynasty granted 40 hectares of land to be rebuilt. In 699, Empress Wu set out from Luoyang, the capital of God, to Dengfeng Zhongyue, passed by the temple, and granted another hundred hectares of land to be rebuilt. Later generations changed their name to Tang Monk temple in order to express their nostalgia for master Xuanzang. In 1996, Zhao Puchu, chairman of the Chinese Buddhist Association, paid a visit to the Tang Monk temple and proposed to rename it “Xuanzang Temple” and inscribe the plaque “Xuanzang Temple”.

5.Guanghua Temple

It is one of the eight Longmen temples built in the Northern Wei Dynasty. In front of the temple, there are stone steps on the hillside, among which there are five tall buildings, including Gaoshan gate, Tianwang hall, Jialan hall, Sanzang hall and dizang hall. Guanghua temple is located on the mountain in the west of Longmen Village.

In the Tang Dynasty, the monks of Tianzhu came to China fearlessly to preach Buddhism. In 724 ad, they came to Luoyang with Emperor Xuanzong of Tang Dynasty. In 735, they passed away in daxan Temple of Luoyang and later moved to Longmen Guanghua temple. In 758, suzong of Tang Dynasty set up a line shaped tablet for the fearless Zen master in Guanghua temple. There are still fearless pagodas in the temple.

In order to prosper tourism and economy, the Party committee and village committee of Longmen Village in the suburb invested 3 million yuan in 1992 to restore the grandeur of Guanghua temple on the site of the old temple. In April 1993, the “Peony Flower Fair” opened.

The new temple adds to the beauty of Longmen Mountain: the concrete Avenue leads to the front of the temple from Luolong road. On the hillside in front of the temple with a vertical height of 31 meters, there are 199 stone steps with a width of up to 10 meters, which set off the magnificence and extraordinary momentum of the temple. The buildings in the temple are all imitated Qing style, with green tiles and red bricks. Along the central axis, there are five big two-story mountain gates, Tianwang hall, Jialan hall, Sanzang hall, and underground Tibetan hall. They are all the xiehills with cornices and high peaches, painted beams and ancient colors.

6.Fuxian Temple

Fuxian temple is located in tangsimen village in the northeast of Luoyang east flower bed. It faces north and faces Mang Mountain on the back of Luoshui, which is quite different from the traditional temple style. According to relevant information, it was built in the Tang Dynasty, and the original site is at the “Tang Temple cliff” in the west of tawan village, Fuhe Township, today’s suburb. In Ming Dynasty, Luohe river overflowed and destroyed the temple. After the flood, the villagers moved part of the relics left in the temple to the north for several miles to rebuild the temple. In 1922, after the temple was rebuilt, Zhang zuomin, the chief of staff of warlord Wu Peifu, inscribed “ancient Tang Temple” for the forehead of the mountain gate, which has been kept up to now. According to legend, the ancient Tang Temple used to be on the edge of the Luo river, surrounded by weeping willows. In front of the temple, there is the Luo river with its clear waves. The scenery is very pleasant, attracting tourists like weaving, and fragrant. At the gate of the temple, there is a very high pagoda. When the pagoda is so high that people look up, they can’t hang their hats on their heads. When the sun rises at the beginning of every day, the long shadow of the pagoda can cover the current Qilihe River; when the sun sets, the shadow of the pagoda is drawn to Baima temple. Therefore, people are accustomed to call this Fuxian Temple “Pagoda Temple”.

7.Longmafutu Temple

Longmafutu temple is located in Leihe village, Huimeng Town, Mengjin County, Luoyang City. It is the sacrificial place of Fuxi, the ancestor of Chinese culture, and also the discovery place of “Hetu” in Heluo culture. The temple is named after the dragon horse “the futu map comes from the middle of the Menghe River”. It is a tourist destination for seeking the root of Heluo culture in the Central Plains, and also the discovery place of Heluo culture. It is the birthplace of Chinese Yi culture. It has a history of more than 1600 years. The temple is adjacent to the Yellow River in the north and Mang Mountain in the south. In front of the temple is adjacent to the old road of tuhe river. The scale of the temple is magnificent, the temple is towering, the mountain gate is precipitous, there is chongmang lying in front of it, and there is a big river rushing after it.

8.Huangjue Temple

Located in Guozhai village, Yichuan, there is a “Huangjue Temple” famous for its spring water. According to the records of Luoyang County, the temple was built in 722, the 10th year of the Tang Dynasty. It was named after the royal temple. Originally large-scale, after repeated damage, now only the hall and the West Wing room. On the back of the hall lies the south foot of Longmen Mountain. Most of the original murals in the hall have been annihilated. The top is hard mountain style, with green bricks and tiles, five backbones and six beasts. The west wing has been transformed beyond recognition. In front of the palace, there is an ancient well built of bricks with a diameter of more than one meter. The water is clear and shallow. It is said that the water is sweet and clean.

9.Cangmei temple

Cangmei temple, originally known as baiyun temple, is located in huilongwan village, Guxian Township, Yanshi County, Luoyang City, Henan Province. In the old days, incense was prosperous and large-scale. There were four courtyards and four main Heavenly King halls on the first floor. In front of the hall, there were yellow nests on the east wall, wearing helmets and armor, with extraordinary momentum. Cangmei temple is located in Qinglong River Valley, with beautiful peaks, lingering streams, lush trees, quiet and beautiful. There are several ancient steles in the temple.

10.Shangshan Temple

It is located in Luoling Township, a mountainous area in the west of Luoning County, 120 kilometers west of Luoyang. It is hidden on the Jungfrau peak protected by eight small hills. It has a long history. In the second year of the establishment of Baima temple, it was built. It can be said that it has a long history.

Why does Shangshan Temple follow Baima temple? There is a history in it. The head of Shangshan temple, Shi jueting, who is more than 70 years old, said that at the beginning, Indian eminent monks, carrying scriptures on white horses, went all the way to spend the night, and finally came to the Central Plains. After thousands of mountains and rivers, Indian monks used to stay in countless places, but when they came to Luoling, they were still deeply attracted by this place. The unique terrain here is just a gift prepared by heaven to welcome Buddhism into the Central Plains. Look! On the Jungfrau peak surrounded by 8 mountains, there is a temple dedicated to the Buddha, just like inviting the Buddha to the lotus throne!

In retrospect, the Indian eminent monk, perhaps excited, silently wrote down this wonderful place. In the second year after the founding of Baima temple, they came here to build a temple, now Shangshan temple.

Since then, Shangshan temple and Baima temple have been closely linked and have continued to this day. In 1998, 2004 and 2005, Baima Temple successively presented many Buddha statues to Shangshan temple. These statues are not only the new landscape of Shangshan temple, but also the proof of the friendly relationship between the two temples.

Walking into the long history of Shangshan temple, there is a path paved with ancient bricks at the foot and an ancient building with carved beams and painted buildings in front of you. There is no need for archaeologists to determine which dynasty or generation the ancient temple was built in. You can feel its ancient flavor just by what you see and hear.

11.Longtan Temple

Located in the east of Longtan River in the southeast of yueshe village, Zhangwu township. It is named after a Longtan with an area of about 60 square meters near the temple. It can be concluded that the temple hall was built in Jin Dynasty. There are 17 existing halls, such as Daxiong hall, Tianwang hall, Dongpei hall and monk room.

There are four wonders in Longtan Temple: one is “Baili Longjing”. It’s a stone well with a diameter of about two meters. It’s difficult to measure the depth. It’s said that it’s connected with the Yi River a hundred miles away. When the Yi River rises, there will be sand gushing out of the spring, so it’s named. The second is “thousand years of reclining Buddha”. When the dragon well goes up more than 20 meters, it can be seen that the image of reclining Buddha appears on the right side of the stone curtain of the stream. The image of reclining Buddha is flat on the chest, open on the stomach, plain on the face, slightly padded on the head, and the left leg on the right leg, which is natural and serene. It’s totally natural. It’s said that it’s the image of Dharma, the founder of Zen. Three is “the drum flies the dragon and the Phoenix”. There are several ten meter high stone waterfalls hanging down the west side of the Longtan. They are gray, white and green, with smooth lines and vivid shapes. They look like the dancing of the dragon and the Phoenix. In the center of the picture are two slightly raised stone drums, which are hit by the stone and make a sound. It is said that if the percussion is combined with the sound, you can see the strange scene of the dancing of the dragon and the Phoenix. The fourth is “words come out of stone walls”. On a stone wall on the east side of Longtan, a two foot square “Buddha” character is naturally generated. It is clearly visible. It is composed of white veins on the blue granite body. Its neat and regular degree is amazing.

12.Guanyin Temple

It is located in the south of huangtun village and the north slope of shengwangtai village, more than ten kilometers southeast of Ruyang County, Luoyang City. Also known as Xiasi. It is adjacent to Ruhe River in the north, banpeng River in the East and Fenghuang Mountain in the south. Guanyin temple is the crystallization of the wisdom of the working people of the ancient Han nationality. It is a rare material for studying the Buddhist culture and historical changes of the Han nationality.

Guanyin Temple faces north from the south, low in front and high in the back. When entering the gate, you can see a huge mountain gate, high bell tower, three big head halls, two halls and three halls (main Buddha Hall), exquisite stone “one step three empty bridge”, left and right symmetrical Yingxu Pavilion, hengxia Pavilion and two hole stone kiln. The stone Buddha statues in the eastern kiln, with the forehead title of “how to face the wall”, are hung on both sides with a couplet of “don’t borrow stones from other mountains, but also come here to be a man”, which contains intriguing Zen. The Western kiln is titled “shengzerixin”. There is a stream of clear spring flowing out of the kiln, which flows through the stone bridge to the front yard and into the East and West tangwangchi. There is a high platform behind the grottoes, on which there is the Tang King Hall and the East-West wing room. Several ginkgo trees and “twisted lotus cypress” are planted on the platform, where visitors can enjoy the shade left by their predecessors. Guanyin temple is also famous for Tangwang pool, Xixin well and so on. The water level in the pool or well is consistent regardless of drought or flood, which can be regarded as unique.

13.Fengxue Temple

Located about 70 kilometers southeast of the city, it is near the Fengxue mountain at the south foot of Shaoshi mountain in the northeast of Ru county.

Founded in the Northern Wei Dynasty, it was rebuilt and expanded in Tang, song, yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. The main existing buildings are Tianwang hall, zhongfo hall, Xuanzhong Pavilion, sutra Pavilion, Qizu tower, etc. Built in the Tang Dynasty, the Qizu pagoda is a nine story square brick Pagoda with close eaves, about 23 meters high. The Xuanzhong pavilion built in the Song Dynasty is a three eaves Xieshan style, towering. The central Buddha Hall is built in the Jin Dynasty, with three broad and deep sides and nine ridges on the top of Xieshan mountain. All the buildings in Fengxue temple are staggered, and there is no obvious central axis. There are several pagodas outside the temple, and 115 tombs are preserved in Yuan Dynasty. There are also inscriptions of previous dynasties and Buddhist statues of yuan, Ming and Qing Dynasties. Surrounded by mountains around the temple, there are verdant cypresses, colorful pearl curtains, Daci spring, playing platform, Shengxian bridge, Jinping wind, Wu Gong Dong, Wangzhou Pavilion and other attractions are also quite attractive. CEN can, Liu Yuxi, Yuan Zhen, etc. all left poems here. Now it is a key cultural relics protection unit in Henan Province.

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