Touching the earliest China: The Erlitou Site Museum of Xia Dynasty Capital

You want to have a deep understanding of the history of a city, then you have to go to the local museum. When the footprints of modern people bury the past and want to find some memories of Zhou and Tang Dynasties, the best place to go is the museum.

The first stop of this visit to Luoyang is to visit the Erlitou Xiadu site museum, which just opened a few days ago.

The overall architectural appearance feels like a big tripod shape, “tripod stands in the world”, reflecting the historical connotation of the ancient capital of Luoyang in the thirteen dynasties.

The history here is even more amazing. To find the evidence of the existence of Xia Dynasty is the goal of Chinese scholars for nearly half a century. In 1959, archaeologists found a large-scale Palace site in the upper layer of Erlitou site, about 3800-3500 years ago. It is recognized as the capital remains of the earliest Dynasty of China in the middle and late Xia Dynasty.

This is Erlitou site. Erlitou is the earliest wide area monarchy in East Asia and the earliest China, which opened the civilization of Xia, Shang and Zhou dynasties. It is the core and leader in the overall process of Chinese civilization. It’s the first China to touch!

Entering the museum is like entering a palace. The sun shines on the transparent roof, the smooth floor is like jade, and the space is like the treasure wine bottle of the museum.

The exhibition hall displays more than 2000 collections of bronzes, pottery, jade, turquoise stone tools, bone angle teeth, etc., and focuses on the rich connotation of Erlitou site as the “first king capital of China”.

After the excavation of a Jiazi, Erlitou site has unearthed many archaeological “the most in China”: the earliest double wheel ruts in China; the earliest “well” shaped urban main road network; the earliest “Forbidden City” – Erlitou palace city; the earliest large-scale “courtyard like” palace buildings with central axis layout; the earliest group and multi entrance courtyard palace buildings; the earliest national level palace buildings Sacrificial relics and sacrificial areas; the earliest large-scale enclosure official camp workshop area; the earliest bronze ware manufacturing workshop and lvsong stone tool manufacturing workshop; the earliest bronze ritual ware group and jade ritual ware group Erlitou site and Erlitou culture are recognized as the key sites to explore the boundary between Xia culture and Xia Shang Dynasty.

“Whether Xia exists or not is a very serious problem in the international academic field. Erlitou site proved the real existence of Xia Dynasty with facts. ”

Thanks to the efforts of the cultural relics protection technicians in the science and technology center of the Institute of archaeology, a turquoise dragon shaped vessel was cleaned up in the summer and autumn of 2004. With a total length of more than 70 cm, the artifact consists of more than 2000 pieces of small Turquoise pieces of different shapes glued to the organic matter, forming a dragon body and pattern.

Each piece of turquoise is only 0.2-0.9 cm in size and 0.1 cm in thickness. The turquoise stone dragon grows up, the giant curls up its tail, the body of the Dragon curls up, and the image is vivid and vivid. The faucet is slightly in the shape of a shallow relief, which is a large flat round head. The nose and eyes are filled with white jade and turquoise. The discovery of this Turquoise dragon shaped vessel is precious. Its huge employment, fine production and large volume are very rare among the early dragon image cultural relics in China, with high historical, artistic and scientific value. It can be said that China’s first dragon can not be over.

Every time I stay here in front of bronzes, I just want to catch a glimpse of the dawn of civilization in Xia, Shang and Zhou Dynasties; every time I look for three color porcelain, I just want to explore the grandeur of the earliest Dynasty in China.

Welcom to Luoyang!

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