Peony crafts mainly include peony painting, peony porcelain, Peony stone, peony tricolour, peony embroidery and many other varieties.
1. Peony painting
Thousands of peony painters have been bred by the colorful and rich atmosphere of peony. At present, the peony culture industry has developed rapidly, and Luoyang Peony painting has become prosperous. In 2012, more than l million people were engaged in Peony painting in Luoyang.
Pingle village, Pingle Town, Mengjin County, is the only production base of peony painting in China, which is known as “the first village of farmer’s peony painting creation”. The county makes full use of the social influence of Luoyang peony, publicizes its own advantages, defines its development goals, takes various measures to expand sales channels, builds Pingle village into the industrial development center of Chinese Peony painting, builds the largest production and sales base of peony painting in the country, and realizes the double harvest of economic and social benefits of Pingle peony painting. In 2012, Pingle village has more than 800 farmers who are good at painting peonies. At the same time, it has established a peony painting creation base and training center, striving to make more than 3000 peony painting professionals in Pingle within three years. According to statistics, in 2011, the whole village created more than 100000 peony paintings, with an annual output value of more than 12 million yuan. In April 2012, the Pingle peony painting creative park with an investment of more than 38 million yuan was completed. Mengjin County plans to build a ten thousand mu peony garden next to the park, and build Pingle village into a farmers’ peony painting industrial base integrating tourism, leisure and entertainment, education and training, and product trading.
2. Peony porcelain
Peony porcelain is made of kaolin rich in various mineral elements in western Henan Province of China. After grinding, mixing, filtering, molding, drying, plain firing, glaze application and glaze firing, it finally forms a beautiful Peony porcelain work. Peony porcelain is the best of many Chinese sculpture artists. It gathers the essence of various schools of Chinese ceramic art, vividly regenerates and reappears the form, verve, color and special meaning of peony. It not only embodies the elegance of peony, but also contains the elegance and simplicity of porcelain. It has a high value of historical culture and appreciation collection. At the end of 2009, Li Xuewu, the founder of peony porcelain, established Luoyang Shengshi peony porcelain culture and Art Co., Ltd. and started large-scale development and production. In 2011, Li Xuewu successively established Luoyang Peony porcelain Research Institute and Luoyang Peony porcelain Co., Ltd. At the beginning of 2012, the construction of peony porcelain cultural and Creative Industrial Park began in the new area. In June 2012, Luoyang Peony porcelain Co., Ltd. was officially identified as the “cultural industry demonstration base of Henan Province” and “cultural industry demonstration base of Luoyang City”. It became one of only three cultural enterprises in Henan province that won this honor, and based on the Central Plains to the world. With the rapid development of Luoyang Peony porcelain, Luoyang has gradually formed a cultural and creative industry chain led by Li Xuewu and Luoyang Peony porcelain, which has gradually become a new force for Luoyang’s cultural prosperity and economic and social development.
3. Peony stone
The origin of Luoyang Peony stone is the only one in the world. It is produced in the shipaihe formation of Dengfeng group of Archaean, the oldest stratum in Koudian Town, Yanshi, Southeast of Luoyang. The protolith is mainly medium basic volcanic lava. Due to the intermediate metamorphism, the composition lithology is greyish green amphibolite, and part of it is migmatized into amphibole migmatite. The vein matrix is dark green, cryptocrystalline, white feldspar phenocrysts are distributed in the vein in star point or in groups of three or five. The feldspar phenocrysts in the middle of the vein are relatively dense, gradually reducing to both sides and becoming sparse. The phenocrysts are mostly polymerized phenocrysts, similar to peony flowers, so it is called peony. It is a kind of rare and non renewable resource. International stone industry recognized it as the world’s rare stone, as the world’s rare varieties.
In recent years, after vigorous development, a variety of Peony stone crafts have finally come into being. Perhaps it is a resource factor. Even a piece of jade with a large palm has to be elaborately carved in the hands of a sculptor to become an art masterpiece. Luoyang peony and stone beads are combined, which is really unique in the world. The developed varieties include wine sets, tea sets, inkstone sets, flowers and birds, auspicious animals, stone fans and flowers Bottle, pagoda, dragon boat, carriage and other series of handicrafts. As the current sales market has not been fully opened and the price is temporarily low, there is a lot of room for appreciation and high collection value.
4. Three colors of peony
Three colors of peony mainly refer to three colors of glaze painting of peony. Three color glaze painting is the representative of “Luoyang three colors” development to today. It is a plane ceramic art created on the basis of traditional technology and modern technology, using unique glaze application and firing technology. The color of “tricolor art” starts from the development of several ancient colors of “tricolor”, such as stable red, lake blue, lemon yellow and hundreds of rich colors. It can show various themes and artistic techniques on the plane porcelain plate. It is a new kind of art like oil painting and traditional Chinese painting, which provides more free space for ceramic artists to create personalized works, It can not only carve out exquisite and delicate works, but also create simple and unconstrained unique products. It can also use the flow of glaze to make unrepeatable kiln changes. Its founder, Guo Aihe, has been devoted to the research and design of “three color art” graphic art for many years, creating more than 100 large murals, thousands of wall decorations and wall hanging. It has won more than 40 awards at home and abroad.
The three color glaze painting of peony is another perfect combination of the three color craft industry and the connotation of peony culture. Based on the traditional formula of the new and old technology of the tri colored glazed pottery of the Tang Dynasty, the product is further improved to make the glaze thick and full, the color separation pure, transparent and bright, no glaze flowing and strong fixation, give people three-dimensional visual enjoyment, have great value of viewing and preservation, and add a new technology product for the development of Luoyang cultural industry.
5. Peony embroidery
In Luoyang, peony embroidery is equally famous among traditional crafts and three colors of the Tang Dynasty. Embroidery is one of the traditional Chinese folk crafts, which has a history of at least two or three thousand years in China. Among the embroidery works, the peony works, which symbolize wealth, are increasingly loved and respected by the Chinese people. Peony embroidery works depict the beauty of peony incisively and vividly, which fully shows people’s love for peony and the position of peony in Luoyang people’s mind. In recent years, peony embroidery has also developed various types of tourist souvenirs, mainly including wall decorations, wall hanging, handkerchiefs, cushions, handbags, screens, costumes and other items, which are deeply loved by tourists.