Luoyang Peony literature and art in Tang and Song Dynasties

Nature endows peony with the color, fragrance and shape of the country, and society endows peony with the fine moral of grace, wealth, auspiciousness and noble and grand. This makes people often think of peony when they express their yearning for a better life, so since the Tang Dynasty, the literary and artistic forms of peony have gradually increased.

Looking up the peony literature, we can find that since the Tang Dynasty, the number of peony poems has increased dramatically, and the Northern Song Dynasty has reached the stage of maturity and prosperity of peony poems. A group of poets, litterateurs and physiologists, represented by Mei Yaochen, Ouyang Xiu, Sima Guang, Shao Yong and Wen Yanbo, recorded and praised Luoyang peony with their poems, contributed their own strength to Luoyang Peony ascend the throne of the world, and pushed peony poems to the peak of the times. The poems of Luoyang peony in the Northern Song Dynasty either describe the prosperous scene of the time when the peony is in full bloom, or express the poet’s emotion to the country and the society, and show the culture of Luoyang Peony from different angles. Shao Yong’s “Dongxuan adds color to peony” describes the beauty of the flower blooming scenery in Xijing with “the only way in the world is in the spring”; Mei Yaochen once lived in Luoyang and saw all the famous garden flowers “[21] Volume 8; after watching Luoyang peony, Zhang Min can’t help but sigh that” he was a flower lover all his life, looking for fragrance everywhere and never met the truth. “. The only way is that there is no true color in the world, so I saw Luoyang spring at the beginning of this year. A poem named “Chu palace spring for Luoyang Huadu no shooting Palace” was specially made for Luoyang peony. At the beginning, it depicts a colorful picture of Jingu peony for people. Wang Xin’s “huanxisha” also points out the reason why Luoyang peony is the best in the world in the artistic form of poetry. Li TingZhong’s “Partridge Sky” wrote that Luoyang peony was in full bloom, People revel in the scene of feast, will praise the beauty of peony and express their love for peony. These poems of Luoyang Peony were written at that time and handed down to later generations. They are the best medium for later generations to pursue and praise Luoyang peony in the Northern Song Dynasty.

In addition to poetry, the love of the people of Luo for peony in the Northern Song Dynasty is also reflected in many cultural relics. All kinds of art forms with Luoyang peony as the theme have proved that “Luoyang peony is the best in the world”, among which architectural sculpture and tomb mural have become a major feature. Since the founding of the people’s Republic of China, most of the brick chamber tombs excavated in Luoyang in the Song Dynasty have brick peonies. The representative ones are song tomb in Qilihe village, Luoyang and song tomb in Chengguan Town, Xin’an County. The peony in the frescoes of the tombs in Luoyang area, the earliest frescoes of the Shenzong period of the Northern Song Dynasty excavated for the ancient village of Xin’an County in the s, and the best one is the frescoes of Liangzhuang tomb. These murals, with large area and strong realism, mostly contain peony mountain stone map and peony lady map. In the Northern Song Dynasty, people in Luoyang also combined peony with architecture by many means. In the Song Dynasty’s “creating the French style”, the “system of painting with colors” is recorded: “Peony It is suitable for beams, forehead, eaves, rafters, columns, Dougong, timber, Angang, arch eye walls All available. ” [22] 313 this shows that the peony pattern became a common decoration of buildings in the Song Dynasty. Unfortunately, there were too few buildings in the Song Dynasty in China to see. However, many stone sarcophagus of Northern Song Dynasty found in Luoyang are engraved with peony patterns, which have been preserved up to now. For example, in the coffin of Zhangjun stone in the fifth year of Chongning (1106), a flowerpot was carved on the central shady line of the coffin lintel, in which two peonies were planted, which were covered with the coffin lintel. On both sides of the coffin cover were decorated with large peonies. Luoyang people who love peony closely combine peony with life. Now we can see that among the relics of Luoyang in the Northern Song Dynasty, there are peonies in pottery, porcelain, bronze mirrors, etc. These exquisite peony patterns are inherited by future generations and can still be seen in modern society. Luoyang peony culture in the development of peony culture in China has left a strong mark, the protection and inheritance of this cultural heritage has become our unshirkable responsibility.

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