Museum of Luoyang Eastern Zhou Royal horse and chariol Pils, located in the center of Luoyang, is a large-scale tomb and horse pit in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, which was found when the King City Square of the Eastern Zhou Dynasty was built. Among them, a six horse cart was unearthed in the No.5 horse pit, which is known as “tianzijia 6”. According to the ancient Chinese etiquette, only the “emperor” can take a car pulled by six horses (five horses for the princes, and only one horse for the common people).
Although its scale is small, it is the only museum in China that is displayed at the original site. The museum is divided into two exhibition areas. When visitors enter the museum, they first visit the first exhibition area. Here you can see the history of Luoyang City in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty as the King City of the emperor of Zhou Dynasty. There are also some bronze wares in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty to watch. After visiting the first exhibition area, you can go west through a short corridor and enter the second exhibition area: large vehicle and horse pit exhibition area in the Eastern Zhou Dynasty, which is the key area of the museum.
Archaeologists have found many Eastern Zhou tombs and pits for horses and chariots. It can be concluded that a complete caravan site of Emperor Zhou’s trip more than 2000 years ago was buried here, and many chariot sites and horse remains have been unearthed. What’s striking is the remains of a “driving six” car and horse in No. 5 pit. When you come to the pit, what you see is the carriage that Emperor Zhou took. The carriage is square, with clear traces of carriage, axle, wheel and shaft. In front of the carriage and on both sides of the shaft are six complete horse skeletons. There are many dog skeletons in the pit. They may have been scattered when they were buried alive. Some of them are still lying on their backs. Seeing the horse bones and dog bones all over the pit, you can imagine the intense scenes when these animals were buried.
In order to protect cultural relics, some of the tombs explored here have not been excavated, and some of the excavated tombs and car and horse pits have been backfilled later.